Department of Public Health Sciences

HIV testing among tuberculosis patients in the era of antiretroviral therapy: a population-based study in Brazil.

DeRiemer K, Soares EC, Dias SM, Cavalcante SC

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2000. 4(6):519-27.

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a city with 29862 cases of tuberculosis (TB) reported between January 1995 and June 1998. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the counseling and testing practices for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among TB patients, and to identify the patient characteristics associated with HIV screening as antiretroviral therapy was introduced. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of patients with TB who were reported to the health department and who initiated anti-TB treatment. The main outcome measure was screened versus not screened for HIV. RESULTS: The proportion of TB patients who received HIV screening increased from January 1995 through June 1998 (P

Keywords: HIV counseling and testing; TB; antiretroviral therapy; surveillance

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