Department of Public Health Sciences

Noninvasive prognostication of polyomavirus BK virus-associated nephropathy

Dadhania D, Snopkowski C, Muthukumar T, Lee J, Ding R, Sharma VK, Christos P, Bang H, Kapur S, Seshan SV, Suthanthiran M.

Transplantation. 2013. 96(2):131-8.

BACKGROUND: BK virus-associated nephropathy (BKVN) is associated with an increased risk of graft failure. METHODS: Levels of mRNAs encoding proteins implicated in inflammation and fibrosis were measured in urine collected at the time of biopsy diagnosis of BKVN in 29 kidney graft recipients and analyzed for prognosticating graft failure using logistic regression. RESULTS: Ten of 29 BKVN patients had graft failure within 36 months of BKVN diagnosis and the remaining 19 patients did not. Serum creatinine level, BKVN biopsy stage, and urinary cell levels of mRNA for plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1, vimentin, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, fibronectin, granzyme B, or perforin were associated with graft failure. A combination of PAI-1 mRNA level, BKVN biopsy stage, and creatinine level (P = 0.0015, by logistic regression) and a combination of PAI-1 mRNA and creatinine levels (P = 0.001) were the best-fitting models for prognosticating graft failure, and PAI-1 mRNA level was the only independent predictor (odds ratio, 2.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-6.8; P = 0.03) by multivariable analysis. The area under the curve for the combination of PAI-1 mRNA, biopsy, and creatinine was 0.92 (95% CI, 0.80-1.0; P



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