Department of Public Health Sciences

Ellen B. Gold

  Emeritus Professor, PhD
  Division of Epidemiology
  Dr. Gold's personal webpage
Reproductive and cancer epidemiology, epidemiology of reproductive function and disorders especially menopause, secondary amenorrhea, anovulation, abnormalities of ovarian function, and spontaneous abortion.

1977: PhD, Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University 
1972: MA, Zoology, University of California, Los Angeles 
1970: BA, Bacteriology, University of California, Los Angeles 

Professional Affiliations/Awards
2007: Dean's Excellence in Mentoring Award, UC Davis School of Medicine
2005: Outstanding Faculty/Staff Award, UC Davis Graduate Group in Epidemiology
2002: Outstanding Mentor Award, UC Davis Consortium for Women and Research
1990: Research Career Development Award, National Institue of Environmental Health Sciences

Selected Publications
  1. Ostro B, Malig B, Broadwin R, Basu R, Gold EB, Bromberger JT, Derby C, Feinstein S, Greendale GA, Jackson EA, Kravitz HM, Matthews KA, Sternfeld B, Tomey K, Green RR, Green R. (2014). Chronic PM2.5 exposure and inflammation: determining sensitive subgroups in mid-life women. Environ Res, 132:168-75.
    PMID: 24792413

  2. Garcia L, Qi L, Rasor M, Clark CJ, Bromberger J, Gold EB. (2014). The relationship of violence and traumatic stress to changes in weight and waist circumference: longitudinal analyses from the study of women's health across the nation. J Interpers Violence, 29(8):1459-76.
    PMID: 24212978 [PubMed - in process] PMCID: PMC3969450 [Available on 2015/5/1]

  3. Lin WT, Beattie M, Chen LM, Oktay K, Crawford SL, Gold EB, Cedars M, Rosen M. (2013). Comparison of age at natural menopause in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers with a non-clinic-based sample of women in northern California. Cancer, 119(9):1652-9.
    PMID: 23362014 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3634895

  4. Bromberger JT, Kravitz HM, Chang Y, Randolph JF Jr, Avis NE, Gold EB, Matthews KA. (2013). Does risk for anxiety increase during the menopausal transition? Study of women's health across the nation. Menopause, 20(5):488-95.
    PMID: 23615639 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3641149

  5. Stopka TJ, Geraghty EM, Azari R, Gold EB, Deriemer K. (2013). Factors associated with presence of pharmacies and pharmacies that sell syringes over-the-counter in Los Angeles County. J Urban Health, 90(6):1079-90.
    PMID: 23567984 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3853166 [Available on 2014/12/1]

  6. Gold EB, Crawford SL, Avis NE, Crandall CJ, Matthews KA, Waetjen LE, Lee JS, Thurston R, Vuga M, Harlow SD. (2013). Factors related to age at natural menopause: longitudinal analyses from SWAN. Am J Epidemiol, 178(1):70-83.
    PMID: 23788671 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3698989

  7. Gold EB, Leung K, Crawford SL, Huang MH, Waetjen LE, Greendale GA. (2013). hytoestrogen and fiber intakes in relation to incident vasomotor symptoms: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Menopause, 20(3):305-14.
    PMID: 23435028 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3566363

  8. Mishra GD, Anderson D, Schoenaker DA, Adami HO, Avis NE, Brown D, Bruinsma F, Brunner E, Cade JE, Crawford SL, Dobson AJ, Elliott J, Giles GG, Gold EB, Hayashi K, Kuh D, Lee KA, Lee JS, Melby MK, Mizunuma H, Sievert LL, Weiderpass E. (2013). InterLACE: A new International Collaboration for a Life Course Approach to Women's Reproductive Health and Chronic Disease Events. Maturitas, 74(3):235-40.
    PMID: 23313437 [PubMed - in process]

  9. Waetjen LE, Leung K, Crawford SL, Huang MH, Gold EB, Greendale GA; Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation. (2013). Relationship between dietary phytoestrogens and development of urinary incontinence in midlife women. Menopause, 20(4):428-36.
    PMID: 23096248 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3568456

  10. Appelhans BM, Janssen I, Cursio JF, Matthews KA, Hall M, Gold EB, Burns JW, Kravitz HM. (2013). Sleep duration and weight change in midlife women: the SWAN sleep study. Obesity, 21(1):77-84.
    PMID: 23505171 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3484178

  11. Gold EB, Blount BC, O'Neill Rasor M, Lee JS, Alwis U, Srivastav A, Kim K. (2013). Thyroid hormones and thyroid disease in relation to perchlorate dose and residence near a superfund site. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol, 23(4):399-408.
    PMID: 22968349 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3907373

  12. Huang MH, Norris J, Han W, Block T, Gold E, Crawford S, Greendale GA. (2012). Development of an updated phytoestrogen database for use with the SWAN food frequency questionnaire: intakes and food sources in a community-based, multiethnic cohort study. Nutr Cancer, 64(2):228-44.
    PMID: 22211850 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3674882

  13. Greendale GA, Huang MH, Leung K, Crawford SL, Gold EB, Wight R, Waetjen E, Karlamangla AS. (2012). Dietary phytoestrogen intakes and cognitive function during the menopausal transition: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation Phytoestrogen Study. Menopause, 19(8):894-903.
    PMID: 22415567 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3376653

  14. Caan BJ, Emond JA, Su HI, Patterson RE, Flatt SW, Gold EB, Newman VA, Rock CL, Thomson CA, Pierce JP. (2012). Effect of postdiagnosis weight change on hot flash status among early-stage breast cancer survivors. J Clin Oncol, 30(13):1492-7.
    PMID: 22430275 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  15. Joffe H, Chang Y, Dhaliwal S, Hess R, Thurston R, Gold E, Matthews KA, Bromberger JT. (2012). Lifetime history of depression and anxiety disorders as a predictor of quality of life in midlife women in the absence of current illness episodes. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 69(5):484-92.
    PMID: 22566580 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3584338 Free

  16. Zheng H, Sowers M, Buysse DJ, Consens F, Kravitz HM, Matthews KA, Owens JF, Gold EB, Hall M. (2012). Sources of variability in epidemiological studies of sleep using repeated nights of in-home polysomnography: SWAN Sleep Study. J Clin Sleep Med, 8(1):87-96.
    PMID: 22334814 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3266336

  17. Garcia L, Gold EB, Wang L, Yang X, Mao M, Schwartz AV. (2012). The relation of acculturation to overweight, obesity, pre-diabetes and diabetes among U.S. Mexican-American women and men. Ethn Dis, 22(1):58-64.
    PMID: 22774310 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  18. Tepper PG, Randolph JF Jr, McConnell DS, Crawford SL, El Khoudary SR, Joffe H, Gold EB, Zheng H, Bromberger JT, Sutton-Tyrrell K. (2012). Trajectory clustering of estradiol and follicle-stimulating hormone during the menopausal transition among women in the Study of Women's Health across the Nation (SWAN). J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 97(8):2872-80.
    PMID: 22659249 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3410268

  19. Thurston RC, El Khoudary SR, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Crandall CJ, Sternfeld B, Joffe H, Gold EB, Selzer F, Matthews KA. (2012). Vasomotor symptoms and insulin resistance in the study of women's health across the nation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 97(10):3487-94.
    PMID: 22851488 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3462945

  20. Thurston RC, El Khoudary SR, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Crandall CJ, Gold EB, Sternfeld B, Joffe H, Selzer F, Matthews KA. (2012). Vasomotor symptoms and lipid profiles in women transitioning through menopause. Obstet Gynecol, 119(4):753-61.
    PMID: 22433339 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3343636

  21. Thurston RC, El Khoudary SR, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Crandall CJ, Gold E, Sternfeld B, Selzer F, Matthews KA. (2011). Are vasomotor symptoms associated with alterations in hemostatic and inflammatory markers? Findings from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation., 18(10):1044-51.
    PMID: 21926929 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3183159

  22. Crandall CJ, Tseng CH, Crawford SL, Thurston RC, Gold EB, Johnston JM, Greendale GA. (2011). Association of menopausal vasomotor symptoms with increased bone turnover during the menopausal transition., 26(4):840-9.
    PMID: 20878774 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3179323

  23. Randolph JF Jr, Zheng H, Sowers MR, Crandall C, Crawford S, Gold EB, Vuga M. (2011). Change in follicle-stimulating hormone and estradiol across the menopausal transition: effect of age at the final menstrual period. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 96(3):746-54.
    PMID: 21159842 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3047231

  24. Campbell IA, Bromberger J, Buysse DJ, Hall MH, Hardin KA, Kravitz HM, Matthews KA, O'Neill Rasor M, Utts J, Gold EB. (2011). Evaluation of the association of menopausal status with delta and beta EEG activity during sleep. Sleep, 34(11):1561-8.
    PMID: 22043127 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3198211

  25. Al-Delaimy WK, Flatt SW, Natarajan L, Laughlin GA, Rock CL, Gold EB, Caan BJ, Parker BA, Pierce JP. (2011). IGF1 and risk of additional breast cancer in the WHEL study. Endocr Relat Cancer, 18(2):235-44.
    PMID: 21263044 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  26. Conroy SM, Butler LM, Harvey D, Gold EB, Sternfeld B, Greendale GA, Habel LA. (2011). Metabolic syndrome and mammographic density: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation., 129(7):1699-707.
    PMID: 21105041 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3610563

  27. Saquib N, Pierce JP, Saquib J, Flatt SW, Natarajan L, Bardwell WA, Patterson RE, Stefanick ML, Thomson CA, Rock CL, Jones LA, Gold EB, Karanja N, Parker BA . (2011). Poor physical health predicts time to additional breast cancer events and mortality in breast cancer survivors. Psychooncology, 20(3):252-9.
    PMID: 20878837 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3297415

  28. Kravitz HM, Avery E, Sowers M, Bromberger JT, Owens JF, Matthews KA, Hall M, Zheng H, Gold EB, Buysse DJ. (2011). Relationships between menopausal and mood symptoms and EEG sleep measures in a multi-ethnic sample of middle-aged women: the SWAN sleep study. Sleep, 34(9):1221-32.
    PMID: 21886360 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3157664

  29. Waetjen LE, Xing G, Feng W-Y, Johnson WO, Greendale GA, Gold EB. (2011). Serum estradiol levels are not associated with urinary incontinence in midlife women transitioning through menopause. Menopause, 18(12):1283-1290.
    PMID: 21785372 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3308014

  30. Emond JA, Patterson RE, Natarajan L, Laughlin GA, Gold EB, Pierce JP. (2011). Sex hormone concentrations and the risk of breast cancer recurrence in postmenopausal women without hot flashes. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 20(5):939-45.
    PMID: 21415358 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3089679

  31. Caan BJ, Natarajan L, Parker B, Gold EB, Thomson C, Newman V, Rock CL, Pu M, Al-Delaimy W, Pierce JP. (2011). Soy food consumption and breast cancer prognosis. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 20(5):854-8.
    PMID: 21357380 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  32. Clarkson TB, Utian WH, Allmen TI, Aso T, Barnes S, Basaria SS, Brinton RD, Cline JM, Frankenfeld CL, Gallagher JC, Gold EB, Hodis HN, Ishimi Y, Kim H, Kronenberg F, Landgren BM, Maki PM, Messina MJ, Setchell KD, Shu XO, Weaver CM, Wong WW, Goldstein SR, Pace DT, Shifren JL, Clarkson TB, Contestabile E, Gass ML, Kagan R, Maki PM, Manson JE, Schnatz PF, Sievert LL, Stuenkel CA, Warren MP, Schiff I, Utian WH. (2011). The role of soy isoflavones in menopausal health: report of The North American Menopause Society/Wulf H. Utian Translational Science Symposium in Chicago, IL (October 2010). Menopause, 18(7):732-53.
    PMID: 21685820 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  33. Gold EB. (2011). The timing of the age at which natural menopause occurs. Ob Gyn Clin No Amer, 38(3):425-40.
    PMID: 21961711 NIHMSID # 353085 PMCID: PMC3285482

  34. Butler LM, Gold EB, Conroy SM, Crandall CJ, Greendale GA, Oestreicher N, Quesenberry CP Jr, Habel LA. (2010). Active, but not passive cigarette smoking was inversely associated with mammographic density. Cancer Causes and Control, 21(2):301-311.
    PMID: 19915951 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2810361

  35. Upchurch DM, Dye CE, Chyu L, Gold EB, Greendale GA. (2010). Demographic, behavioral, and health correlates of complementary and alternative medicine and prayer use among midlife women: 2002. J Womens Health (Larchmt), 19(1):23-30.
    PMID: 20088655 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2828262

  36. Dalrymple LS, Johansen KL, Chertow GM, Cheng SC, Grimes B, Gold EB, Kaysen GA. (2010). Infection-related hospitalizations in older patients with ESRD. Am J Kidney Dis, 56(3):522-30.
    PMID: 20619518 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2926212

  37. Bromberger JT, Schott LL, Kravitz HM, Sowers M, Avis NE, Gold EB, Randolph JF Jr, Matthews KA. (2010). Longitudinal change in reproductive hormones and depressive symptoms across the menopausal transition: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Arch Gen Psychiatry, 67(6):598-607.
    PMID: 20530009 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3129620

  38. Flatt SW, Thomson CA, Gold EB, Natarajan L, Rock CL, Al-Delaimy WK, Patterson RE, Saquib N, Caan BJ, Pierce JP. (2010). Low to moderate alcohol intake is not associated with increased mortality after breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 19(3):681-8.
    PMID: 20160253 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2836421

  39. Green R, Polotsky AJ, Wildman RP, McGinn AP, Lin J, Derby C, Johnston J, Ram KT, Crandall CJ, Thurston R, Gold E, Weiss G, Santoro N. (2010). Menopausal symptoms within a Hispanic cohort: SWAN, the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Climacteric, 13(4):376-84.
    PMID: 20136411 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3268678

  40. Greendale GA, Wight RG, Huang MH, Avis N, Gold EB, Joffe H, Seeman T, Vuge M, Karlamangla AS. (2010). Menopause-associated symptoms and cognitive performance: results from the study of women's health across the nation. Am J Epidemiol, 171(11):1214-24.
    PMID: 20442205 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2915492

  41. Conroy SM, Butler LM, Harvey D, Gold EB, Sternfeld B, Oestreicher N, Greendale GA, Habel LA. (2010). Physical activity and change in mammographic density: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Am J Epidemiol, 171(9):960-8.
    PMID: 20354074 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2877475

  42. Seritan AL, Iosif AM, Park JH, DeatherageHand D, Sweet RL, Gold EB. (2010). Self-reported anxiety, depressive, and vasomotor symptoms: a study of perimenopausal women presenting to a specialized midlife assessment center. Menopause, 17(2):410-15.
    PMID: 20216277

  43. Waetjen LE, Ye J, Feng WY, Johnson WO, Greendale GA, Sampselle CM, Sternfield B, Harlow SD, Gold EB; Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). (2009). Association between menopausal transition stages and developing urinary incontinence. Obstet Gynecol, 114(5):989-98.
    PMID: 20168098 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3120214

  44. Pierce JP, Natarajan L, Caan BJ, Flatt SW, Kealey S, Gold EB, Hajek RA, Newman VA, Rock CL, Pu M, Saquib N, Stefanick ML, Thomson CA, Parker B. (2009). Dietary change and reduced breast cancer events among women without hot flashes after treatment of early-stage breast cancer: subgroup analysis of the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study. Am J Clin Nutr, 89(5):1565S-1571S.
    PMID: 19339393 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2677006

  45. Gold EB, Pierce JP, Natarajan L, Stefanick ML, Laughlin GA, Caan BJ, Flatt SW, Emond JA, Saquib N, Madlensky L, Kealey S, Wasserman L, Thomson CA, Rock CL, Parker BA, Karanja N, Jones V, Hajek RA, Pu M, Mortimer JE. (2009). Dietary pattern influences breast cancer prognosis in women without hot flashes: the women's healthy eating and living trial. J Clin Oncol, 27(3):352-9.
    PMID: 19075284 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2645853

  46. Thurston RC, Sowers MR, Sternfeld B, Gold EB, Bromberger J, Chang Y, Joffe H, Crandall CJ, Waetjen LE, Matthews KA. (2009). Gains in body fat and vasomotor symptom reporting over the menopausal transition: the study of women's health across the nation. Am J Epidemiol, 170(6):766-74.
    PMID: 19675142 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2768523

  47. Siddiqui AR, Lee K, Bennett D, Yang X, Brown KH, Bhutta ZA, Gold EB. (2009). Indoor carbon monoxide and PM2.5 concentrations by cooking fuels in Pakistan. Indoor Air, 19(1):75-82.
    PMID: 19076247

  48. Crandall CJ, Sehl ME, Crawford SL, Gold EB, Habel LA, Butler LM, Sowers MR, Greendale GA, Sinsheimer JS. (2009). Sex steroid metabolism polymorphisms and mammographic density in pre- and early perimenopausal women. Breast Cancer Res, 11(4):R51.
    PMID: 19630952 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2750112

  49. Natarajan L, Pu M, Parker BA, Thomson CA, Caan BJ, Flatt SW, Madlensky L, Hajek RA, Al-Delaimy WK, Saquib N, Gold EB, Pierce JP. (2009). Time-varying effects of prognostic factors associated with disease-free survival in breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol, 169(12):1463-70.
    PMID: 19403844 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2733768

  50. Waetjen LE, Feng WY, Ye J, Johnson WO, Greendale GA, Sampselle CM, Sternfield B, Harlow SD, Gold EB; Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) . (2008). Factors associated with worsening and improving urinary incontinence across the menopausal transition. Obstet Gynecol, 111(3):667-77.
    PMID: 18310370 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3598598

  51. Butler LM, Gold EB, Greendale GA, Crandall CJ, Modugno F, Oestreicher N, Quesenberry CP Jr, Habel LA . (2008). Menstrual and reproductive factors in relation to mammographic density: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Breast Cancer Res Treat, 112(1):165-74.
    PMID: 18066689 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2664291

  52. Mortimer JE, Flatt SW, Parker BA, Gold EB, Wasserman L, Natarajan L, Pierce JP; WHEL Study Group. (2008). Tamoxifen, hot flashes and recurrence in breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat, 108(3):421-6.
    PMID: 17541741 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2575100

  53. Upchurch D1, Chyu L, Greendale GA, Utts J, Bair YA, Zhang G, Gold EB. (2007). Complementary and alternative medicine use among American women: findings from The National Health Interview Survey, 2002. J Womens Health (Larchmt), 16(1):102-13.
    PMID: 17324101 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  54. Gold EB, Bair Y, Zhang G, Utts J, Greendale GA, Upchurch D, Chyu L, Sternfeld B, Adler S . (2007). Cross-sectional analysis of specific complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by racial/ethnic group and menopausal status: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Menopause, 14(4):612-23.
    PMID: 17327812 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  55. Bromberger JT, Matthews KA, Schott LL, Brockwell S, Avis NE, Kravitz HM, Everson-Rose SA, Gold EB, Sowers M, Randolph JF Jr. (2007). Depressive symptoms during the menopausal transition: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). J Affect Disord, 103(1-3):267-72.
    PMID: 17331589 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2048765

  56. Gold EB, Bair Y, Block G, Greendale GA, Harlow SD, Johnson S, Kravitz HM, Rasor MO, Siddiqui A, Sternfeld B, Utts J, Zhang G. (2007). Diet and lifestyle factors associated with premenstrual symptoms in a racially diverse community sample: Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). J Women's Health, 16(5):641-56.
    PMID: 17627400 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  57. Gold EB, Greendale GA. (2007). Epidemiology of menopause: demographics, environmental influences, and ethnic and international differences in the menopausal experience. In: Lobo RA (ed.), Treatment of the Postmenopausal Woman, Basic and Clinical Aspects, 3rd edition. Academic Press,:77-98.

  58. Waetjen LE, Liao S, Johnson WO, Sampselle CM, Sternfield B, Harlow SD, Gold EB. (2007). Factors associated with prevalent and incident urinary incontinence in a cohort of midlife women: a longitudinal analysis of data: study of women's health across the nation. Amer J Epidemiol, 165(3):309-18.
    PMID: 17132698 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  59. Santoro N, Brockwell S, Johnston J, Crawford SL, Gold EB, Harlow SD, Matthews KA, Sutton-Tyrrell K. (2007). Helping midlife women predict the onset of the final menses: SWAN, the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Menopause, 14(3 Pt 1):415-24.
    PMID: 17303963 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  60. Pierce JP, Natarajan L, Caan BJ, Parker BA, Greenberg ER, Flatt SW, Rock CL, Kealey S, Al-Delaimy WK, Bardwell WA, Carlson RW, Emond JA, Faerber S, Gold EB, Hajek RA, Hollenbach K, Jones LA, Karanja N, Madlensky L, Marshall J, Newman VA, Ritenbaugh C, Thomson CA, Wasserman L, Stefanick ML. (2007). Influence of a diet very high in vegetables, fruit, and fiber and low in fat on prognosis following treatment for breast cancer: the Women's Healthy Eating and Living (WHEL) randomized trial. JAMA, 298(3):289-98.
    PMID: 17635889 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC2083253

  61. Habel LA, Capra AM, Oestreicher N, Greendale GA, Cauley JA, Bromberger J, Crandall CJ, Gold EB, Modugno F, Salane M, Quesenberry C, Sternfeld B. (2007). Mammographic density in a multiethnic cohort. Menopause, 14(5):891-9.
    PMID: 17414171 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  62. Gold EB, Lasley B, Crawford SL, McConnell D, Joffe H, Greendale GA. (2007). Relation of daily urinary hormone patterns to vasomotor symptoms in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of midlife women: study of women's health across the nation. Repro Sci, 14(8):786-97.
    PMID: 18089597 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  63. Greendale GA, FitzGerald G, Huang MH, Sternfeld B, Gold E, Seeman T, Sherman S, Sowers M. (2002). Dietary soy isoflavones and bone mineral density: results from the study of women's health across the nation. Am J Epidemiol, 155(8):746-54.
    PMID: 11943693 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  64. Parikh-Patel A, Gold EB, Utts J, Worman H, Krivy KE, Gershwin ME. (2002). Functional status of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. Am J Gastroenterol , 97(11):2871-9.
    PMID: 12425562 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3148777

  65. Sternfeld B, Jacobs MK, Quesenberry CP Jr, Gold EB, Sowers M. (2002). Physical activity and menstrual cycle characteristics in two prospective cohorts. Am J Epidemiol, 156(5):402-9.
    PMID: 12196309 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  66. Parikh-Patel A, Gold E, Utts J, Gershwin ME. (2002). The association between gravidity and primary biliary cirrhosis. Ann Epidemiol, 12(4):264-72.
    PMID: 11988415 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3148785

  67. Lasley BL, Santoro N, Randolf JF, Gold EB, Crawford S, Weiss G, McConnell DS, Sowers MF. (2002). The relationship of circulating dehydroepiandrosterone, testosterone, and estradiol to stages of the menopausal transition and ethnicity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 87(8):3760-7.
    PMID: 12161507 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  68. Huang MH, Schocken M, Block G, Sowers M, Gold E, Sternfeld B, Seeman T, Greendale GA . (2002). Variation in nutrient intakes by ethnicity: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Menopause, 9(5):309-19.
    PMID: 12218719 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  69. Gold EB, Bromberger J, Crawford S, Samuels S, Greendale GA, Harlow SD, Skurnick J. (2001). Factors associated with age at natural menopause in a multiethnic sample of midlife women. Am J Epidemiol, 153(9):865-74.
    PMID: 11323317 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  70. Parikh-Patel A, Gold EB, Worman H, Krivy KE, Gershwin ME. (2001). Risk factors for primary biliary cirrhosis in a cohort of patients from the united states. Hepatology, 33(1):16-21.
    PMID: 11124815 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  71. Gold EB, Sternfeld B, Kelsey JL, Brown C, Mouton C, Reame N, Salamone L, Stellato R. (2000). Relation of demographic and lifestyle factors to symptoms in a multi-racial/ethnic population of women 40-55 years of age. Am J Epidemiol, 152(5):463-73.
    PMID: 10981461 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  72. Gold EB, Goldin SB. (1998). Epidemiology of and risk factors for pancreatic cancer. Surg Oncol Clin N Am, 7(1):67-91.
    PMID: 9443987 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  73. Davis PA, Gold EB, Hackman RM, Stern JS, Gershwin ME. (1998). The use of complementary/alternative medicine for the treatment of asthma in the United States. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol, 8(2):73-7.
    PMID: 9615298 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  74. Gold EB. (1997). Case-control studies and their application to endocrinology. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am, 26(1):1-15.
    PMID: 9074849 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  75. Weinbaum Z, Schenker MB, Gold EB, Samuels SJ, O'Malley MA. (1997). Risk factors for systemic illnesses following agricultural exposures to restricted organophosphates in California, 1984-1988. Am J Ind Med, 31(5):572-579.
    PMID: 9099360 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  76. Schenker MB, Gold EB, Beaumont JJ, Eskenazi B, Hammond SK, Lasley BL, McCurdy SA, Samuels SJ, Saiki CL, Swan SH. (1995). Association of spontaneous abortion and other reproductive effects with work in the semiconductor industry. Am J Ind Med, 28(6):639-59.
    PMID: 8588555 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  77. Saiki CL, Green RS, Gold EB, Schenker MB. (1995). Communication issues in a multicomponent study of semiconductor employees. Am J Ind Med, 28(6):883-911.
    PMID: 8588571 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  78. Weinbaum Z, Schenker MB, O'Malley MA, Gold EB, Samuels SJ. (1995). Determinants of disability in illnesses related to agricultural use of organophosphates (OPs) in California. Am J Ind Med, 28(2):257-74.
    PMID: 8585522 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE

  79. Gold EB, Eskenazi B, Lasley BL, Samuels SJ, O'Neill Rasor M, Overstreet JW, Schenker MB. (1995). Epidemiologic methods for prospective assessment of menstrual cycle and reproductive characteristics in female semiconductor workers. Am J Ind Med, 28(6):783-97.
    PMID: 8588564 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  80. Gold EB. (1995). Epidemiology of and risk factors for pancreatic cancer. Surg Clin North Am, 75(5):819-43.
    PMID: 7660248 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  81. Lasley BL, Lohstroh P, Kuo A, Gold EB, Eskenazi B, Samuels SJ, Stewart DR, Overstreet JW. (1995). Laboratory methods for evaluating early pregnancy loss in an industry-based population. Am J Ind Med, 28(6):771-81.
    PMID: 8588563 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  82. Eskenazi B, Gold EB, Samuels SJ, Wight S, Lasley BL, Hammond SK, O'Neill Rasor M, Schenker MB. (1995). Prospective assessment of fecundability of female semiconductor workers. Am J Ind Med, 28(6):817-31.
    PMID: 8588566 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  83. Eskenazi B, Gold EB, Lasley BL, Samuels SJ, Hammond SK, Wight S, O'Neill Rasor M, Hines CJ, Schenker MB. (1995). Prospective monitoring of early fetal loss and clinical spontaneous abortion among female semiconductor workers. Am J Ind Med, 28(6):833-46.
    PMID: 8588567 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  84. Gold EB, Eskenazi B, Hammond SK, Lasley BL, Samuels SJ, O'Neill Rasor M, Hines CJ, Overstreet JW, Schenker MB. (1995). Prospectively assessed menstrual cycle characteristics in female wafer- fabrication and nonfabrication semiconductor employees. Am J Ind Med, 28(6):799-815.
    PMID: 8588565 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  85. Gold EB, Sever LE. (1994). Childhood cancers associated with parental occupational exposures. Occup Med, 9(3):495-539.

  86. Gold EB, Lasley BL, Schenker MB. (1994). Introduction: rationale for an update. Reproductive hazards. Occup Med, 9(3):363-72.
    PMID: 7831586 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  87. Gold EB, Tomich E. (1994). Occupational hazards to fertility and pregnancy outcome. Occup Med, 9(3):435-69.
    PMID: 7831592 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  88. Gold EB, Bush T, Chee E. (1994). Risk factors for secondary amenorrhea and galactorrhea. Int J Fertil Menopausal Stud, 39(3):177-84.
    PMID: 7920755 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  89. Gold EB, Leviton A, Lopez R, Austin DF, Gilles FH, Hedley-Whyte ET, Kolonel LN, Lyon JL, Swanson GM, Weiss NS, et al. (1994). The role of family history in risk of childhood brain tumors. Cancer, 73(4):1302-1311.
    PMID: 8313335 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  90. Lasley BL, Mobed K, Gold EB. (1994). The use of urinary hormonal assessments in human studies. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 709:299-311.
    PMID: 8154723 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  91. Saiki CL, Gold EB, Schenker MB. (1994). Workplace policy on hazards to reproductive health. Occup Med, 9(3):541-49.
    PMID: 7831595 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  92. Schenker MB, Gold EB, Lopez RL, Beaumont JJ. (1993). Asthma mortality in California, 1960-1989. Demographic patterns and occupational associations. Am Rev Respir Dis, 147(6 Pt 1):1454-1460.
    PMID: 8503556 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  93. Lasley BL, Gold EB, Nakajima ST, Stewart DR, Overstreet JW. (1993). Classification of adverse reproductive effects can be improved by measurements of multiple biomarkers for ovarian toxicity and early fetal loss. J Toxicol Environ Health, 40(2-3):423-33.
    PMID: 8230313 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  94. Gold EB, Leviton A, Lopez R, Gilles FH, Hedley-Whyte ET, Kolonel LN, Lyon JL, Swanson GM, Weiss NS, West D, et al. (1993). Parental smoking and risk of childhood brain tumors. Am J Epidemiol, 137(6):620-8.
    PMID: 8470663 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  95. Eby NL, Boice JD Jr, Gold EB, Hoover RN, Loriaux DL. (1989). Estrogen and androgen levels in women treated with radiation for cervical cancer--possible influence on breast cancer risk. Am J Epidemiol, 129(3):527-32.
    PMID: 2783832 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  96. Burkman RT, Mason KJ, Gold EB. (1988). Ectopic pregnancy and prior induced abortion. Contraception, 37(1):21-7.
    PMID: 3365981 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  97. Shaw GM, Gold EB. (1988). Methodological considerations in the study of parental occupational exposures and congenital malformations in offspringMethodological considerations in the study of parental occupational exposures and congenital malformations in offspring. Scand J Work Environ Health, 14(6):344-55.
    PMID: 3062770 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  98. Tockman MS, Gupta PK, Myers JD, Frost JK, Baylin SB, Gold EB, Chase AM, Wilkinson PH, Mulshine JL. (1988). Sensitive and specific monoclonal antibody recognition of human lung cancer antigen on preserved sputum cells: a new approach to early lung cancer detection. J Clin Oncol, 6(11):1685-1693.
    PMID: 2846790 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  99. Kruszon-Moran D, Burkman RT, Kimball AW, Bachorik PS, Gold EB. (1988). The interaction of alcohol consumption and oral contraceptive use on lipids and lipoproteins. Contraception, 37(1):39-51.
    PMID: 3365983 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]